Getting Tested

What is a PSA test? 

A prostate test can save your life. 

Prostate-specific antigen, or PSA, is a protein produced by the prostate gland. The PSA test measures the level of PSA in a man’s blood. For this test, a blood sample is sent to a laboratory for analysis. 

In most cases, the earlier prostate cancer is detected and treated, the better your chances of a complete recovery. In fact, 95% of men diagnosed with prostate cancer early have a survival rate beyond 5 years, with easier recovery and less impact on a man’s life.

If you are over 40, talk to your GP about PSA testing.

​If you are over 40 years of age and have a history of prostate cancer in your family you should have a PSA blood test to determine your own risk. If your PSA test shows a low risk of developing the disease you won’t need to be re-tested for 5-7 years.  If your PSA levels are above the median for your age you will be placed on ‘active surveillance’ with follow-ups scheduled every 12 months.
 

Where do I get tested?

What is a Prostate?

The prostate is a small gland in the male body. It sits underneath the bladder and surrounds the urethra. The prostate makes the fluid that protects and carries sperm.

What is Prostate Cancer?

Prostate cancer develops when some of the prostate cells reproduce rapidly. Some prostate cancers develop very slowly, but others can spread to other parts of the body.

What are the Odds?

1 in 6 Australians will get prostate cancer before the age of 85. It is the most common cancer in Australian men. The risk of developing prostate cancer increases with age although men from all walks of life over 40 are diagnosed with prostate cancer every year. Men with a family history or whose heritage is African or Caribbean are most at risk.

What are the symptoms?

Most of the time prostate cancer causes no symptoms, which is why it's mostly detected during routine prostate tests. However, symptoms that may
indicate prostate cancer include:
• Trouble urinating - issues such as needing to urinate often, during the day and at night,  difficulty holding back urine or starting urination, and weak
and interrupted flow
• Sexual issues such as erectile dysfunction and painful ejaculation

What Difference does eary detection make?

In most cases, the earlier prostate cancer is detected and treated, the better your chances of a complete recovery. In fact, 95% of men diagnosed with prostate cancer early have a survival rate beyond 5 years, with easier recovery and less impact on a man’s life.

What is a prostate test?

The prostate is tested for cancer in a number of ways. The first step is a PSA blood test (Prostate Specific Antigen) which may be accompanied with an examination and followed by further tests, depending on the PSA result.
The best way to assess your individual risk is to speak with your GP and discuss prostate cancer testing.

When should I have a test

The Australian Prostate Centre advises that men from 40 years of age should have a PSA blood test to determine their risk. Those with a low risk of developing the disease won’t need to be re-tested for 5-7 years while men
who have a reading above the median for their age should be under ‘active surveillance’ with follow-ups scheduled every 12 months.

Where can I be tested

Your GP is the best person to talk to about prostate testing. If you do not have a GP, you can call the Australian Prostate Centre in North Melbourne to arrange an appointment with an APC GP for assessment. We can also advise
you on regional clinics and GPs where you can get tested.

Is treatment always necessary?

If your test detects the presence of prostate cancer, not all diagnoses will lead to treatment. Some men diagnosed with low risk cancers do not need to
endure aggressive treatment.
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​Your first point of call to discuss prostate cancer and booking a PSA test is your local GP.
If you are local to Melbourne, you can also come to the Australian Prostate Centre to see a GP at the Centre. Call the Centre on (03) 8373 7600 to make your appointment.